What is the maximum length of USB Cables or Link?
USB cables enable the link or communication between devices, and host controllers, which include a personal computer, smart phones, and tablets. It can connect a wide variety of devices to your PC or Laptop for easy understanding; with the help of a USB cable, you can connect printers, keyboards, external hard drives, MP3 players, security camera speakers, and computer mice. We are using them in our everyday life even when we plug in the phone for charging. They come in different sizes, from inches to a few meters. With all this exceptional versatility in functionality, it has a restricted length limitation, but there is nothing to get worried about because I have penned down some points which help you to know, What is the maximum length of USB cables/links for your personal use with easy access. Here is all that you need:
Role of USB cables:
Before starting about how long/lengthy a USB cable/link can be first, we will talk about the role of USB cable length in its performance. It is an interface to connect devices and transfer data from one widget to another. Data pockets are usually used when two devices are linked via a USB cable. Before sending the next data packet, the donor device waits for the signal from the receiver to make sure that the receiver gets each data packet. USB cables play an essential role in this work because the source device only waits for a few nanoseconds to consider the data packet to be lost and start it again to resend it. It all depends on the length of the USB cable that how fast the signal propagation delays.
If it is short, then the propagation delay is short, and if it is too long, then the propagation delay will also be long, which can cause a drastic reduction in the rate of data transfer. Another important factor that affects the maximum length is the loss of signal attenuation. When a data signal travels between the devices via a USB cable, it loses its strength due to the resistance it encounters.
The additional data travels, the greater the signal degrades; after some time, the signal strength losses to a certain point that it is difficult for the receiver to understand or comprehend. So, USB cables should be of an ideal length and must have a long single propagation delay and too much attenuation or strength to handle a long-term data transfer and a useful link between devices with adequate data transferring power.
Maximum Length of USB Cables:
If we talk about the maximum length, then it depends upon the USB generation it is able to support. For the first two generations, USB 1.0 have 3 meters in length, and USB 2.0 have 5 meters in length. Now, USB Implementers Forum does not recommend a maximum (more than 2 meters) cable/link length for any USB generation for sufficient working with good signal propagation performance with delay time and increased attenuation.
Talking about the maximum length of the third generation to meet the good performance requirements, USB 3.2 generation, which is also termed USB 3.0 and USB 3.1 Generation 1, is 2-3 meters long, and similarly, USB 3.2 Generation, also known as USB 3.1, USB 3.1 generation 2 have a maximum length of 1 meter. And lastly, the fourth generation USB Cables are limited to a maximum length of 31 inches or 0.8 meters less than a meter, with the best working results.
Performance of USB Cables:
First Gen USB cable was introduced in 1996 with a transferring speed of 10Mbps per second but not good enough to support large Mbps photos and documents. The second generation USB 2.0 data cable presented in 2000 has a data transferring rate of 480 Mbps and show fast working for photos, documents, and songs, but it is not acceptable for transferring videos. The third generation 3.0 USB cable was first reduced in the year 2008 with a data transfer rate of 5 Gbps, which is 10 times faster than USB 2.0. It has the best power to support modern devices as well as upgraded power and supply of 15 Watts.
Full-Speed and Low-Speed USB devices:
The devices that commonly need an external or outer power supply for transferring, sending, and receiving large data files with a vast amount are termed Full speed devices like an external hard drive is a superficially powered USB device. On the other hand, low-speed devices are powered by USB connections and used for small data transfers, including a USB mouse and an MP3 player.
Reason for length limitations:
The USB cable is manufactured with an electrical design which is the primary reason behind the limitation of length. The two theories contribute an important role in USB cable length limitations, first the electromagnetic fields and second the concept of transmission line theory (which says that the electrical wave inside the USB cable must start from the one end to transfer down the data through the line in the parallel conductor).
If the electrical wave is not sent out according to this procedure, then there is a possibility of electrical energy leakage, which leak from the line and spreads to the neighboring area. If the USB cable length is long, then it is difficult to prevent electrical energy leakage and get precise performance and data transfer.
A solution to the problem:
If you want to connect the USB device to a computer that is far away from the maximum length of the cable, then a USB hub can be used to extend the USB cable length and secure connections. For a shorter distance, connect the USB hub to the USB port and place it farther from the PC as per the USB hub connection’s line. You can use a 3 to 5 meters long USB cable to connect the USB hub to a computer.
Use a line of USB hubs and USB cables leading away from the PC for a longer spread of approximately 30 meters. It works in a chain like The first USB hub is connected to the USB on the PC, and the USB cable is connected to the first hub from one point and the second hub from another, and the chain is repeated until it reaches the required length usually more than five(5) USB hubs and thirty(30) meters or 98.4 feet of USB cables are used to make a connection with a USB device that is far away.
When you connect two devices, let’s say two computers, directly by a USB connection, then keep in mind that this type of connection must be performed by a USB adapter attached to the USB because the direct connection between the computers is hazardous and can cause a fire hazard and short out the computers with the loss of a large amount of data. A USB adapter handles the direct connections without harming the computers and data loss.To get and view more professional information about USB Cables you can visit: www.bytecable.com